Dateien und Verzeichnisse im Netz freigeben
Es gibt zwei Möglichkeiten, Dateien oder Verzeichnisse für andere Nutzer im Heimnetz freizugeben. Per DynDNS oder Selfhost auch im Internet.
Entweder man verwendet den in Python standardmäßig implementierten Web-Server, in dem man einfach in das Verzeichnis, das man freigeben möchte wechselt und im Terminal folgenden Befehl eingibt und danach auf Port 8000 per Webbrowser darauf zugreift:
python -m SimpleHTTPServer
Oder man installiert woof aus den Repositories und nutzt dieses. Wie das geht, steht hier.
Simply exchange files with WOOF
I guess everybody with a laptop has experienced this problem at some point: You plug into a network and just want to exchange files with other participants. It always is a pain until you can exchange files with the person vis-a-vis.
Of course there are a lot of tools to tackle this problem. For large scale communities there are dozens of filesharing networks. However, they don’t work for small local networks. Of course you could put your stuff to exchange on a local web server, but who really wants to maintain this? Tools like the ingenious npush/npoll are extremely helpful, provided that both parties have it installed, SAFT/sendfile also aims to solve this problem, but needs a permanently running daemon…
Woof (Web Offer One File) tries a different approach. It assumes that everybody has a web-browser or a commandline web-client installed. Woof is a small simple stupid webserver that can easily be invoked on a single file. Your partner can access the file with tools he trusts (e.g. wget). No need to enter passwords on keyboards where you don’t know about keyboard sniffers, no need to start a huge lot of infrastructure, just do a
$ woof filename
and tell the recipient the URL woof spits out. When he got that file, woof will quit and everything is done.
And when someone wants to send you a file, woof has a switch to offer itself, so he can get woof and offer a file to you.
Prerequisites and usage
Woof needs Python on a unix’ish operating system. Some people have used it successfully on Windows within the cygwin environment.
Usage: woof [-i
Serves a single file
When a directory is specified, an tar archive gets served. By default
it is gzip compressed. You can specify -z for gzip compression,
-j for bzip2 compression, -Z for ZIP compression or -u for no compression.
You can configure your default compression method in the configuration
file described below.
When -s is specified instead of a filename, woof distributes itself.
When -U is specified, woof provides an upload form, allowing file uploads.
defaults: count = 1, port = 8080
If started with an url as an argument, woof acts as a client,
downloading the file and saving it in the current directory.
You can specify different defaults in two locations: /etc/woofrc
and ~/.woofrc can be INI-style config files containing the default
port and the default count. The file in the home directory takes
precedence. The compression methods are „off“, „gz“, „bz2“ or „zip“.
port = 8008
count = 2
ip = 127.0.0.1
compressed = gz